Know The Types of DSLR Camera Lens: Don’t Get it Wrong

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Professional photogrpher definitely needs additional lens for his DSLR camera. This is to support their activities in taking pictures as well as upgrading their techniques in creating good photographs. On the market, there are so many types of DSLR camera lens. This is why many of us are often confused when choosing a DSLR camera lens. Besides having various types of lenses available, because the price is quite expensive too. So, don’t get it wrong when you are about to choose one. Therefore, before affording the lens. It is a good idea to understand the lens category first. Here are some types of DSLR camera lenses.

Fix Lens

In general, DSLR camera lenses are divided into two types, zoom lenses and prime lenses. These two types of lenses are called lens. Both of these lenses have their respective functions, as explained below.

Zoom Lens

The first DSLR camera lens is a zoom lens. This lens has a range of focal length (FLR). And can be changed according to the frequency specified in this lens. Furthermore, the advantage of Zoom Lens is its flexibility. With one lens we can get various focal lengths and lens angles. So, we are not disturbed when changing positions. While the disadvantage of using this lens is the bigger size and heavier weight it has. And als the sharpness of the resulting image is still below the Prime Lens.

DSLR Camera Lens: Zoom Lens
DSLR Camera Lens: Zoom Lens

Prime lenses

The next DSLR camera lens is a prime lens. As the name, this type of lens uses only one focal length. So, the subject of the photo cannot be enlarged or reduced. This type of lens usually has a smaller size than a zoom lens (a comparison of course with an equivalent focal length). The results obtained are even sharper compared to the zoom lens. Moreover, The Prime lens also has wide openings so it can produce a better bokeh / blur effect. Unlike the zoom lens, to zooming when objects using prime lens should be done manually by walking back and forth from the object.

DSLR Camera Lens: Prime Lens
DSLR Camera Lens: Prime Lens

Physically, most prime lenses have a small size and light weight.This lens is very comfortable too, making it easy to carry everywhere. But, there are several types of prime lenses that have heavier weights, especially for those that are used for telephoto purposes with long focal lengths. However, prime lenses are rarely designed for wide use, and more likely for portrait and telephoto purposes.

Wide lens

The next type of DSLR camera lens is the wide lens. This lens can cover a wide angle of image. So that this lens can capture a large area in one photo frame. The function of wide angle lens itself is to capture large objects in close proximity or small space. The distinctive feature of this lens is to make objects smaller than their actual size. With this lens we can also photograph more people lined up compared to standard lenses. The shorter the focus, the wider the view.

DSLR Camera Lens: Wide Lens
DSLR Camera Lens: Wide Lens

Talking about functionality. This lens is suitable for wide field of view photos and is ideal for photographing natural landscapes to urban landscapes. There are five types of wide lens that are divided into 5 sub-types of lenses, namely Ultra Wide Lens, Wide Lens, Standard Lens, Tele Lens, and Super Tele Lens.

Read too about The Difference Between SLR and DSLR Cameras

Telephoto Lens

Telephoto lens is defined as a lens that has a long construction that is shorter than its focal length,. With this physical characteristic, it results an optical center that is outside the lens body itself. Some photography experts assume that what is called telephoto lens is the lens that has a focal length above 60mm although this is quite relative because some others call telephoto lens must have a focal length above 280mm.

DSLR Camera Lens: Telephoto Lens
DSLR Camera Lens: Telephoto Lens

However, it must be considered too that this type of lens is also divided into two types, namely Tele zoom and Tele non zoom. For example, Tele zoom is the Nikon 70-300mm, while the non zoom Tele is the Nikon 300mm f / 4.5. Various manufacturers camera manufacturers certainly have their own Tele lens products, as well as 3rd party lens producers such as Tamron, Sigma, Carl Zeiss and Leica.

Macro Lens

DSLR Camera Lens: Macro Lens
DSLR Camera Lens: Macro Lens

Moving to Macro lens, this type of lens is used to take pictures of very small objects such as insects, plants, or water droplets. Macro lenses have a very short focal distance that allows the camera to focus on objects that are very close. Then, the lens will make them as large as possible. The length of the macro lens focus ranges from 50 mm to 200 mm. The larger the focal length, the farther you can take photos of your object.

Those are types of DSLR camera lenses. Indeed, there are various lenses available for various purposes of photography. And knowing each of these lenses are very important, especially when you are about to start your photography hobby. Besides, understanding such a thing will be very helpful too in considering which lens that fits the most to our photography needs. Last but not least, price should be on the consideration list too when choosing the best lens.


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